Arquivo da tag: Greece Igreja Agios Titos

Heráclito, a simpática capital da Ilha de Creta/Heraklion – freundliche Hauptstadt Kretas/Heraklion – friendly capital of Crete

Heraklion ou Heráclito, em português, é a maior cidade de Creta e um dos principais centros urbanos da Grécia e é a capital da Ilha de Creta. Ela possui 170 mil habitantes e está localizada entre duas cadeias de montanhas imponentes: Idi (Monte Psiloritis) a oeste e Dikti (montanhas Lasithiotika) a leste. Seu desenvolvimento começou no início do século IX D.C (na antiguidade, Knossos era o centro mais importante da ilha, seguido por Gortyn). Heráclito foi dominada pelos turcos otomanos, por venezianos e árabes. A cidade sediou torneios de futebol dos Jogos Olímpicos de 2004.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://br.pinterest.com/pin/180214422566021476/?autologin=true
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/grcrete.htm

Erich e eu visitamos Heráclito no final da temporada turística em novembro de 2019 e tivemos o prazer de passear por uma cidade agradável com uma ótima infraestrutura turística,

The delicious food in Heraklion…

afinal ela possui um porto muito visitado por cruzeiros.

A very interesting and important tourist sinalization at the floor.It starts at the harbour area.

Para quem gosta de história, Heráclito tem tesouros arqueológicos excepcionais relacionados com a civilização egeia, possui também aldeias pitorescas, grandes vales com olivais e vinhedos, além de possuir a melhor infraestrutura turística da ilha.

Dentre eles, o mais importante é o sitio arqueológico de Cnossos, lendário centro da civilização minoica de 1900 a 1400 aC, localizado a apenas 5 km do centro da cidade e ocupam 20.000 m2 numa área rica em edificações históricas e palácios reais decorados com murais coloridos, característicos da civilização minoica, afinal, a pintura foi a arte por excelência desse povo. O complexo de Cnossos foi destruído pelo terremoto de Santorini (1450 aC).  É a atração turística mais importante da ilha.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://city-breaker.com/palais-cnossos/
Outro atrativo histórico importante localizado a 63 km de Heráclito são as ruínas do Palácio Phaistos, o segundo em importância na Creta minoica, habitado desde os tempos neolíticos.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.minoancrete.com/phaistos.htm

Outros atrativos turísticos que se destacam na paisagem urbana dessa cidade portuária são os muros da fortificação em torno do centro antigo que foram construídos pelos árabes e depois, reforçados pelos venezianos durante o século XV.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.explorecrete.com/Heraklion/walk-venetian-walls.html
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.artofholidays.com/blog/view/the-venetian-walls-of-heraklion

É muito agradável passear em Heráclito e poder apreciar os vestígios de seu passado rico em história como, por exemplo, conhecer um dos quatro portões que existiam lá. Hoje continua de pé apenas o Chanioporta (1570) com o característico Leão de São Marcos

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/chanioporta-heraklion

e o Novo Portão (1587) no lado sul de Heráclito.

No coração da cidade, existem muitos monumentos que datam da Idade Média, período em que Heráclito testemunhou grande prosperidade.

Do porto, subindo a Rua 25 Avgoustou (agosto),

chega-se a uma praça onde se encontra a igreja de Agios Titos (construída em 1872 no local onde ficava uma igreja bizantina),

enquanto ao lado fica a Loggia veneziana (século XVI)), um edifício veneziano com arcadas e ricamente decorado, que serviu de ponto de encontro para o duque e outros nobres durante o período veneziano.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.greeka.com/crete/heraklion/sightseeing/heraklion-loggia/

Entre as igrejas de Heraklion, destaca-se a imponente e considerável Metrópole de Agios Minas (na Praça Agia Ekaterini), construída entre 1862-1895.

http://www.landolia.com/greece/heraklion/43795/
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.allincrete.com/agios-minas-cathedral/

Adjacente a ela, fica a capela de Mikros Agios Minas e, a nordeste, situa-se a igreja de Agia Ekaterini (século 16), que funciona como um museu que abriga exposições do Renascimento Cretense. A igreja de Agios Markos (século XIII) se ergue sobre a Praça Venizelou. Outras igrejas relevantes da cidade:  Mosteiro de Agios Petros e Pavlos, o Panagia Akrotiriani, o Panagia ton Stavroforon.

A cidade conta também com o Museu Arqueológico, conhecido mundialmente devido seu rico acervo com preciosidades da época minoica desenterrados em Knossos, Phaistos, Malia e outros locais O Museu Histórico de Creta possui obras importantes do pintor El Greco dentre outros mestres, além de apresentar exposições sobre a história de Creta desde o século III d.C.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.west-crete.com/blog/re-opening-of-the-heraklion-archaeological-museum/

Existe também o Museu Nikos Kazantizakis para quem é fã desse celebre escritor, localizado a apenas 15 km do centro.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.meetcrete.com/historical-museum-of-crete-in-heraklion/

A cidade possui também o Museu de História Natural de Creta, além do”Cretaquarium” ,na área de Gournes , onde você pode fazer uma imersão no mundo marinho do Mar Mediterraneo. Heráclito possui também uma fortaleza chamada Castelo Koules, oriunda do século XVI, localizada nas margens do mar, foi obra dos venezianos.

Quando caminhamos pela cidade observamos que existem muitas fontes, de origem veneziana e turca. A mais famosa e considerada um dos marcos de Heráclito é a chamada Fonte Morozini, também conhecida como Leões e que data de 1628.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.agioklima.gr/agioklima-heraklion-interesting-places/morosini-fountain-lions/

Outras fontes também venezianas e que vale destacar são a fonte Bembo (1552-1554) na Praça Kornaros, a fonte Sagredo (1602-1604) nas proximidades da Loggia e a fonte Priuli (1666) localizada perto do porto. Existem também as fontes de origem turcas, como a fonte Charity (1776), ao lado da fonte Bembo; a “fonte Idomeneas” (atrás do Museu Histórico de Creta), a “fonte Genitsar Aga” (na rua Ikarou). (), dentre outras.

No mercado de Heraklion, um dos mais ricos do Mediterrâneo, os visitantes podem encontrar todos os tipos de produtos modernos, além de produtos tradicionais de Creta, como o famoso azeite de oliva de Creta, raki, vinho local, mel, ervas etc.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://marybethclark.com/?travel=heraklion-market-cured-olives-dried-legumes-herbs

Heráclito tem também um campo de golfe, na área de Hersonisos, que opera para iniciantes e para jogadores avançados, opera não muito longe da cidade de Heraklion.

Heráclito conta também com belas praias localizadas em um raio de 30 km. Dentre elas, valem a visita: Agia Pelagia (24 km), Tobrouk (10 km),

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/beaches/tobrouk-beach-123

Lygaria (23 km), Amoudara (5 km), Amnissos (9 km), Hernissos (28 km), Kokkini Hani (13 km), Karteros (8 km), Paleokastro (15 km), dentre outras.

Há também passeios que você pode fazer a partir de Heráclito.

There is a tourist bus in Heraklion
Prices of taxis from Heraklion to different places

Também gostamos bastante de conhecer Santo Nicolas, com 12 000 habitantes, envolta por montanhas e com a bela baía de Mirabelo, a maior baía de Creta. A cidade possui muitos resorts e hotéis. Rua de pedestres bem agradável com muitos bares e restaurantes, lotados, apesar de não estarmos no verão, estamos em novembro.

Para conhecer mais sobre Heráclito, clique aqui.

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Heraklion – freundliche Hauptstadt Kretas

Heraklion  ist  die größte Stadt auf Kreta und eines der wichtigsten städtischen Zentren in Griechenland. Es ist die Hauptstadt der Insel Kreta. Sie hat 170.000 Einwohner und liegt zwischen zwei imposanten Gebirgszügen: Idi (Berg Psiloritis) im Westen und Dikti (Lasithiotika-Gebirge) im Osten.

Ihre Entwicklung begann im frühen 9. Jahrhundert n. Chr. (in der Antike war Knossos das wichtigste Zentrum der Insel, gefolgt von Gortyn). Heraklion wurde von osmanischen Türken, Venezianern und Arabern dominiert. Die Stadt veranstaltete Fußballturniere für die Olympischen Spiele 2004.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://br.pinterest.com/pin/180214422566021476/?autologin=true
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/grcrete.htm

Erich und ich besuchten Heráclito am Ende der Touristensaison im November 2019 und hatten das Vergnügen durch eine angenehme Stadt mit einer großartigen touristischen Infrastruktur zu schlendern,

The delicious food in Heraklion…

schließlich verfügt sie auch über einen Hafen, der sehr von Kreuzfahrten frequentiert wird.

A very interesting and important tourist sinalization at the floor.It starts at the harbour area.

Für diejenigen, die Geschichte mögen offeriert Heraklion außergewöhnliche archäologische Schätze im Zusammenhang mit der ägäischen Zivilisation, es hat auch malerische Dörfer, große Täler mit Olivenhainen und Weinbergen und verfügt über die beste touristische Infrastruktur auf der Insel.

Unter den wichtigsten ist die archäologische Stätte von Knossos, dem legendären Zentrum der minoischen Zivilisation von 1.900 bis 1.400 v. Chr., das nur 5 km vom Stadtzentrum entfernt liegt und 20.000 m2 in einem Gebiet einnimmt, das reich an historischen Gebäuden und königlichen Palästen ist, die mit farbenfrohen Wandgemälden geschmückt sind. Schließlich war die Malerei, die für die minoische Zivilisation charakteristisch ist, die Kunst schlechthin dieses Volkes. Der Knossos-Komplex wurde durch das Erdbeben auf Santorini (1450 v. Chr.) zerstört. Es ist die wichtigste Touristenattraktion der Insel.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://city-breaker.com/palais-cnossos/

Eine weitere wichtige historische Sehenswürdigkeit, 63 km von Heráclito entfernt, sind die Ruinen des Phaistos-Palastes, der zweitwichtigsten auf dem minoischen Kreta, der seit der Jungsteinzeit bewohnt war.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.minoancrete.com/phaistos.htm

Weitere Touristenattraktionen, die in der Stadtlandschaft dieser Hafenstadt auffallen, sind die Befestigungsmauern rund um das alte Zentrum, die von den Arabern erbaut und im 15. Jahrhundert von den Venezianern verstärkt wurden.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.explorecrete.com/Heraklion/walk-venetian-walls.html
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.artofholidays.com/blog/view/the-venetian-walls-of-heraklion

Es ist sehr angenehm durch Heraklion zu spazieren und die Spuren seiner geschichtsträchtigen Vergangenheit zu bewundern wie zum Beispiel eines der vier dort existierenden Stadttore. Heute stehen nur noch die Chanioporta (1570) mit dem charakteristischen Löwen von São Marcos

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/chanioporta-heraklion

und dem Neuen Tor (1587) auf der Südseite von Heraklion.

Im Herzen der Stadt gibt es viele Denkmäler aus dem Mittelalter, einer Zeit, in der Heraklion großen Wohlstand erlebte.

(Vom Hafen aus erreichen Sie in der Avgoustou-Straße 25 (August)

einen Platz, an dem sich die Kirche Agios Titos (erbaut 1872 an der Stelle einer byzantinischen Kirche) befindet.

Daneben befindet sich die venezianische Loggia (16. Jahrhundert)), ein venezianisches Gebäude mit Arkaden und reich verziert, das während der venezianischen Zeit als Treffpunkt für den Herzog und andere Adlige diente.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.greeka.com/crete/heraklion/sightseeing/heraklion-loggia/

Unter den Kirchen von Heraklion sticht die imposante und bedeutende  Agios Minas (an der Plaza Agia Ekaterini) hervor, die zwischen 1862 und 1895 erbaut wurde.

http://www.landolia.com/greece/heraklion/43795/
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.allincrete.com/agios-minas-cathedral/

Angrenzend befindet sich die Kapelle von Mikros Agios Minas und im Nordosten die Kirche von Agia Ekaterini (16. Jahrhundert), die als Museum dient, in dem Ausstellungen der kretischen Renaissance sind. Die Kirche von Agios Markos (13. Jahrhundert) erhebt sich über der Piazza Venizelou. Andere relevante Kirchen in der Stadt: Kloster von Agios Petros und Pavlos, Panagia Akrotiriani, Panagia ton Stavroforon.

Das Archäologische Museum ist weltweit bekannt für seine reiche Sammlung mit Schätzen aus der minoischen Zeit, die in Knossos, Phaistos, Malia und anderen Orten gefunden wurden. Das Historische Museum von Kreta hat neben Ausstellungen auch wichtige Werke des Malers El Greco über die Geschichte Kretas seit dem 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.west-crete.com/blog/re-opening-of-the-heraklion-archaeological-museum/

Es gibt auch das Nikos Kazantizakis Museum für diejenigen, die Fans dieses berühmten Schriftstellers sind, das nur 15 km vom Zentrum entfernt liegt.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.meetcrete.com/historical-museum-of-crete-in-heraklion/

In der Stadt befindet sich neben dem “Cretaquarium” in der Region Gournes auch das Naturkundemuseum von Kreta, in dem Sie in die Meereswelt des Mittelmeeres eintauchen können. Heraklit hat auch eine Festung namens Burg Koules aus dem 16. Jahrhundert, das am Meer gelegen ist und von den Venezianern erbaut wurde.

Uns fiel auf, daβ es viele Brunnen venezianischen und türkischen Ursprungs gibt. Das berühmteste und angesehenste Wahrzeichen von Heraklion ist der sogenannte Morozini -Brunnen, auch Leões genannt, der aus dem Jahr 1628 stammt.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.agioklima.gr/agioklima-heraklion-interesting-places/morosini-fountain-lions/

Weitere erwähnenswerte Brunnen sind der Bembo-Brunnen (1552-1554) am Kornaros-Platz, der Sagredo-Brunnen (1602-1604) in der Nähe von Loggia und der Priuli-Brunnen (1666) in der Nähe des Hafens. Es gibt auch Quellen türkischen Ursprungs, wie den Wohltätigkeitsbrunnen (1776) neben dem Bembo-Brunnen; der „Idomeneas-Brunnen“ (hinter dem Historischen Museum von Kreta), der „Genitsar-Aga-Brunnen“ (in der Ikarou-Straße) unter anderen.

Auf dem Heraklion-Markt, einem der reichsten im Mittelmeerraum, finden Besucher neben traditionellen kretischen Produkten wie dem berühmten kretischen Olivenöl, Raki, lokalem Wein, Honig, Kräutern und alle Arten moderner Produkte.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://marybethclark.com/?travel=heraklion-market-cured-olives-dried-legumes-herbs

Heráclito hat auch einen Golfplatz in der Gegend von Hersonisos, der für Anfänger und Fortgeschrittene unweit der Stadt  betrieben wird.

Heraklion hat auch schöne Strände in einem Umkreis von 30 km. Unter ihnen einen Besuch wert: Agia Pelagia (24 km), Tobrouk (10 km),

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/beaches/tobrouk-beach-123

Lygaria (23 km), Amoudara (5 km), Amnissos (9 km), Hernissos (28 km), Kokkini Hani (13 km) , Karteros (8 km), Paleokastro (15 km), unter anderen.

Es gibt auch Touren, die Sie von Heraklion aus unternehmen können.

There is a tourist bus in Heraklion
Prices of taxis from Heraklion to different places

Erich und ich besuchten eine Olivenölproduktionsanlage in Vasilakis im Osten der Insel, wo Sie mehr über den gesamten Herstellungsprozess dieses Produkts erfahren können.

Wir besuchten auch gerne Santo Nicolas mit 12.000 Einwohnern, umgeben von Bergen und mit der wunderschönen Bucht von Mirabelo, der größten Bucht Kretas. Die Stadt hat viele Resorts und Hotels. Eine sehr schöne Fußgängerzone mit vielen Bars und Restaurants, voll, obwohl es nicht Sommer war, es war November.

Um mehr über Heraklion zu erfahren, klicken Sie hier.

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Heraklion – friendly capital of Crete

Heraklion is the largest city in Crete and one of the most important urban centers in Greece. It is the capital of the island of Crete. It has a population of 170,000 and is located between two imposing mountain ranges: Idi (Psiloritis Mountain) in the west and Dikti (Lasithiotika Mountains) in the east.

Its development began in the early 9th century AD (in ancient times Knossos was the main center of the island, followed by Gortyn). Heraklion was dominated by Ottoman Turks, Venetians and Arabs. The city hosted soccer tournaments for the 2004 Olympic Games.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://br.pinterest.com/pin/180214422566021476/?autologin=true
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/grcrete.htm

Erich and I visited Heraklion at the end of the tourist season in November 2019 and had the pleasure of strolling through a pleasant city with a great tourist infrastructure,

after all it also has a port that is very frequented by cruises.

A very interesting and important tourist sinalization at the floor.It starts at the harbour area.

For those who like history, Heraklion offers exceptional archaeological treasures related to the Aegean civilization, it also has picturesque villages, large valleys with olive groves and vineyards and has the best tourist infrastructure on the island.

Among the most important is the archaeological site of Knossos, the legendary center of the Minoan civilization from 1,900 to 1,400 BC., which is only 5 km from the city center and occupies 20,000 m2 in an area rich in historical buildings and royal palaces adorned with colorful murals. After all, painting, which is characteristic of the Minoan civilization, was the very art of this people. The Knossos complex was destroyed by the Santorini earthquake (1,450 BC). It is the main tourist attraction on the island.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://city-breaker.com/palais-cnossos/

Another important historical sight, 63 km from Heraklion, are the ruins of the Phaistos Palace, the second most important in Minoan Crete, which has been inhabited since the Neolithic period.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.minoancrete.com/phaistos.htm

Other tourist attractions that stand out in the urban landscape of this port city are the ramparts around the old center, built by the Arabs and reinforced by the Venetians in the 15th century.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.explorecrete.com/Heraklion/walk-venetian-walls.html
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.artofholidays.com/blog/view/the-venetian-walls-of-heraklion

It is very pleasant to walk through Heraklion and to admire the traces of its historical past, such as one of the four city gates that exist there. Today only the Chanioporta (1570) with the characteristic lion of São Marcos

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/chanioporta-heraklion

and the New Gate (1587) stand on the south side of Heraklion.

In the heart of the city there are many monuments from the Middle Ages, a time when Heraklion experienced great prosperity.

From the port at Avgoustou Street 25 (August),

you will reach a place where the church of Agios Titos (built in 1872 on the site of a Byzantine church) is located.

Next to it is the Venetian loggia (16th century), a Venetian building with arcades and richly decorated that served as a meeting point for the Duke and other nobles during the Venetian period.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.greeka.com/crete/heraklion/sightseeing/heraklion-loggia/

Among the churches of Heraklion stands out the imposing and important Agios Minas church (on the Plaza Agia Ekaterini), which was built between 1862 and 1895.

http://www.landolia.com/greece/heraklion/43795/
Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.allincrete.com/agios-minas-cathedral/

Adjacent is the chapel of Mikros Agios Minas and in the northeast the church of Agia Ekaterini (16th century), which serves as a museum where Cretan Renaissance exhibitions are held. The church of Agios Markos (13th century) rises above Piazza Venizelou. Other relevant churches in the city: Monastery of Agios Petros and Pavlos, Panagia Akrotiriani, Panagia ton Stavroforon.

The Archaeological Museum is known worldwide for its rich collection of Minoan treasures found in Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and other places. In addition to exhibitions the Historical Museum of Crete also has important works by the painter El Greco on the history of Crete since the 3rd century AD.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.west-crete.com/blog/re-opening-of-the-heraklion-archaeological-museum/

There is also the Nikos Kazantizakis Museum for those who are fans of this famous writer which is only 15 km from the Center located.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.meetcrete.com/historical-museum-of-crete-in-heraklion/

In addition to the “Cretaquarium” in the Gournes region, the city also houses the Natural History Museum of Crete, where you can immerse yourself in the marine world of the Mediterranean. Heraklion also has a 16th-century fortress called Castle Koules, located by the sea and built by the Venetians.

We noticed that there are many fountains of Venetian and Turkish origin. Heraklion’s most famous and prestigious landmark is the so-called Morozini Fountain, also known as Leões, which dates from 1628.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: http://www.agioklima.gr/agioklima-heraklion-interesting-places/morosini-fountain-lions/

Other fountains worth mentioning are the Bembo fountain (1552-1554) on Kornaros square, the Sagredo fountain (1602-1604) near Loggia and the Priuli fountain (1666) near the port. There are also sources of Turkish origin, such as the Charity Fountain (1776) next to the Bembo Fountain; the “Idomeneas Fountain” (behind the Historical Museum of Crete), the “Genitsar Aga Fountain” (in Ikarou Street) among others.

In the Heraklion market, one of the richest in the Mediterranean, visitors will find traditional Cretan products such as the famous Cretan olive oil, raki, local wine, honey, herbs, etc. and all kinds of modern products.

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://marybethclark.com/?travel=heraklion-market-cured-olives-dried-legumes-herbs

Heráclito also has a golf course in the area of Hersonisos, which is operated for beginners and advanced near the city.

Heraklion also has beautiful beaches within a 30 km radius. Worth a visit among them: Agia Pelagia (24 km), Tobrouk (10 km),

Fonte/Quelle/Source: https://www.thisiscrete.gr/en/beaches/tobrouk-beach-123

Lygaria (23 km), Amoudara (5 km), Amnissos (9 km), Hernissos (28 km), Kokkini Hani (13 km), Karteros (8 km), Paleokastro (15 km), among others.

There are also tours that you can take from Heraklion.

There is a tourist bus in Heraklion
Prices of taxis from Heraklion to different places

Erich and I visited an olive oil production facility in Vasilakis in the east of the island, where you can learn more about the entire manufacturing process for this product.

We also liked to visit Santo Nicolas with 12,000 inhabitants, surrounded by mountains and with the beautiful bay of Mirabelo, the largest bay in Crete. The city has many resorts and hotels. A very nice pedestrian area with lots of bars and restaurants, full, although it wasn’t summer, it was November.

To learn more about Heraklion click here.

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